CrownBird
© CrownBird 2019

Design

If you design your own products you must understand its challenges. Shape, material (We also have our Material Info page for Textile products), sizes and all extras such as print etc must be matching to each other not only based on its look but also in regard to functionality and what’s practical during the manufacturing process and finally when the product shall be used. The quantity you want is also important as some design details only are suitable in bigger quantities. Too many people who enter design for the first time makes lots of mistakes that jeopardise the success of the product.                  

Examples of challenges during the design work

When you design you have too many challenges. Here we only give few examples. If you are new to designing you better use our design assistance services to get it right as there are too many variables and factors to think of. Example 1, Fabric Depending on what you want to do different material can be used. If you let’s say want to make a textile product, you may need to understand that there are many different types of fabric. Do not just say you want to make something in “Cotton” as there are too many variants of cotton fabric. You also have material like Silk, Viscose, Polyester, Bamboo, and about 20 other textile materials. Also there are mixtures like 75% polyester with 25% cotton mix. By itself different materials are different elastic. But then, sometimes, Lycra is mixed in (1-10%) in order to make the material even more elastic. (Lycra is effective during about 2-5 years and then loses its elastic effect.)  If you, as an example, want to make a round neck T-shirt and use a relatively non-elastic fabric perhaps the head does not come through the neck opening, hence you need an enough elastic fabric to function. Apart from the material in the fabric there are too many variants in how the fabric is made (woven etc). This also generates different results. A 1x1 rib cotton fabric is clearly more elastic than a jersey woven cotton fabric from the same thread and all variants have their own features. Another variant is how heavy the fabric is. This is measured in GSM (Gram per Square Meter). The cost of the fabric also depends on the GSM. For a cotton jersey fabric the lowest price is for 160-180 GSM fabric. If heavier it will costs more as more material is needed for the same size of fabric. Below 160 GSM the cost increases as the fibres must be longer for the fabric to not fall apart, so 120 GSM is much more costly than 160 GSM as a higher quality on the fibres are needed.  Then the fabric can have different colours. Natural colour or single colours or multi colours. For multi colours the effect can be made when the fabric is woven or by printing after the fabric is woven. Woven patterns, like stripes, will increase the minimum quantity compared to single colour fabric as each colour typically must be made with minimum 100 kg when dying the tread. When it comes to colours you must understand how many colours you can use in a design. When the colours only are in the treads of the fabric you can only use few distinctive colours regardless if its done when the fabric is woven or by embroidery. If printed the number of colours depend on printing methods and vary from few distinct colours to endless number of shades.  Then you have different kinds of treatments of the fabric such as different wash methods like stone wash and enzyme wash (enzyme wash results in that the GSM gets reduced). Then a fabric can be brushed, combed or several other treatments. In the same way material for jewellery, decorative items, etc plays an important roll when you design. Please note that sometimes you need specially made tools to produce an item or a part of it.  It can be for a button with your design for a ladies dress, it can be a punch for a leather product or a mould for a plastic part, etc. Such tools can cost anything from €1 to €5,000 depending on the purpose, type and design to be created by them. Also there are, for types of material that will have contact during a longer time with a human body, a question if a specific material can generate an allergic reaction etc. On top of that you may ask for organic or other such parameters. Just remember that each demand from your side may add to the final cost of the product. If low price is your thing then do not have lots of extra demands. We have had buyers who wanted to have low price but all demands they made increased the final production price with 500% - then they backed out of course. Example 2, Matching variables You must match the variables of your product right. If you, let say, make a garment in 1x1 rib and want to have a plastisol print on the same you must know that plastisol print is stiff and 1x1 rib is elastic so then the print will crack when the garment is used. Another example is that if you need a print that covers, let say, the full front of a top then you need different originals for each size of the garment. So if you make 5 sizes and have 3 colours for screen printing you need 5x3=15 different screens, this will have 5 times higher screen design costs compared to if you have a smaller print that can be used on all sizes. And like this you must think and understand that selection of material, productions methods you choose or the factory have to choose and the design you make must match, and you may add some small details that will increase the cost of the product a lot. Its not just to design, you must think what happens during the manufacturing when you design as well. Yes, we can help you. Use our design assistance services if you need.

Sizes

In some cases like for garments there are no “standard sizes”. A T-shirt named as Medium in Europe is typically named as Small in USA. Some brands wants there products to be a bit larger than “typical” in order to make customers happy they can use smaller named sizes. In these cases you are responsible for the measurements for each size. We can help but you are responsible. In other cases like for jewellery rings the sizes are more fixed but different countries may use different scales. But for gift articles etc. there are normally a big freedom. Please note that we work with the metric system and not with the imperial. But you can convert online.    
Design & Material
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CrownBird
© CrownBird 2018-2019

Design

If you design your own products you must understand its challenges. Shape, material (We also have our Material Info page for Textile products), sizes and all extras such as print etc must be matching to each other not only based on its look but also in regard to functionality and what’s practical during the manufacturing process and finally when the product shall be used. The quantity you want is also important as some design details only are suitable in bigger quantities. Too many people who enter design for the first time makes lots of mistakes that jeopardise the success of the product.                  

Examples of challenges during

the design work

When you design you have too many challenges. Here we only give few examples. If you are new to designing you better use our design assistance services to get it right as there are too many variables and factors to think of. Example 1, Fabric Depending on what you want to do different material can be used. If you let’s say want to make a textile product, you may need to understand that there are many different types of fabric. Do not just say you want to make something in “Cotton” as there are too many variants of cotton fabric. You also have material like Silk, Viscose, Polyester, Bamboo, and about 20 other textile materials. Also there are mixtures like 75% polyester with 25% cotton mix. By itself different materials are different elastic. But then, sometimes, Lycra is mixed in (1- 10%) in order to make the material even more elastic. (Lycra is effective during about 2-5 years and then loses its elastic effect.)  If you, as an example, want to make a round neck T-shirt and use a relatively non-elastic fabric perhaps the head does not come through the neck opening, hence you need an enough elastic fabric to function. Apart from the material in the fabric there are too many variants in how the fabric is made (woven etc). This also generates different results. A 1x1 rib cotton fabric is clearly more elastic than a jersey woven cotton fabric from the same thread and all variants have their own features. Another variant is how heavy the fabric is. This is measured in GSM (Gram per Square Meter). The cost of the fabric also depends on the GSM. For a cotton jersey fabric the lowest price is for 160-180 GSM fabric. If heavier it will costs more as more material is needed for the same size of fabric. Below 160 GSM the cost increases as the fibres must be longer for the fabric to not fall apart, so 120 GSM is much more costly than 160 GSM as a higher quality on the fibres are needed.  Then the fabric can have different colours. Natural colour or single colours or multi colours. For multi colours the effect can be made when the fabric is woven or by printing after the fabric is woven. Woven patterns, like stripes, will increase the minimum quantity compared to single colour fabric as each colour typically must be made with minimum 100 kg when dying the tread. When it comes to colours you must understand how many colours you can use in a design. When the colours only are in the treads of the fabric you can only use few distinctive colours regardless if its done when the fabric is woven or by embroidery. If printed the number of colours depend on printing methods and vary from few distinct colours to endless number of shades.  Then you have different kinds of treatments of the fabric such as different wash methods like stone wash and enzyme wash (enzyme wash results in that the GSM gets reduced). Then a fabric can be brushed, combed or several other treatments. In the same way material for jewellery, decorative items, etc plays an important roll when you design. Please note that sometimes you need specially made tools to produce an item or a part of it.  It can be for a button with your design for a ladies dress, it can be a punch for a leather product or a mould for a plastic part, etc. Such tools can cost anything from €1 to €5,000 depending on the purpose, type and design to be created by them. Also there are, for types of material that will have contact during a longer time with a human body, a question if a specific material can generate an allergic reaction etc. On top of that you may ask for organic or other such parameters. Just remember that each demand from your side may add to the final cost of the product. If low price is your thing then do not have lots of extra demands. We have had buyers who wanted to have low price but all demands they made increased the final production price with 500% - then they backed out of course. Example 2, Matching variables You must match the variables of your product right. If you, let say, make a garment in 1x1 rib and want to have a plastisol print on the same you must know that plastisol print is stiff and 1x1 rib is elastic so then the print will crack when the garment is used. Another example is that if you need a print that covers, let say, the full front of a top then you need different originals for each size of the garment. So if you make 5 sizes and have 3 colours for screen printing you need 5x3=15 different screens, this will have 5 times higher screen design costs compared to if you have a smaller print that can be used on all sizes. And like this you must think and understand that selection of material, productions methods you choose or the factory have to choose and the design you make must match, and you may add some small details that will increase the cost of the product a lot. Its not just to design, you must think what happens during the manufacturing when you design as well. Yes, we can help you. Use our design assistance services if you need.

Sizes

In some cases like for garments there are no “standard sizes”. A T- shirt named as Medium in Europe is typically named as Small in USA. Some brands wants there products to be a bit larger than “typical” in order to make customers happy they can use smaller named sizes. In these cases you are responsible for the measurements for each size. We can help but you are responsible. In other cases like for jewellery rings the sizes are more fixed but different countries may use different scales. But for gift articles etc. there are normally a big freedom. Please note that we work with the metric system and not with the imperial. But you can convert online.    
Design & Material
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